One of several famous bards. A bard is an oral historian, political critic, eulogizer and entertainer for the ancient Celtic people. They were highly trained as a poet, composer, singer and harpist. Poems used by the bards were passed on orally. They were most active in medieval and post medieval Ireland and Wales. Some bards roamed the countryside, while others stayed in residence at a wealthy home. In Wales, many bards were nobles, but the art gradually died as the English outlawed them as causing political unrest. Some texts of their poetry still exist, but almost no music remains. Other cultures have similar musicians, including: Gusan of Armenia, Guslari of Yugoslavia and Aoidos of Homeric Greece. See Cruit.

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  • Aoidos — means singer in classical Greek. In modern Homeric scholarship aoidos is used by some as the technical term for a skilled oral epic poet in the tradition to which the Iliad and Odyssey are believed to belong. [Hence the English translators of… …   Wikipedia

  • aède — [ aɛd ] n. m. • 1841; gr. aoidos « chanteur » ♦ Poète épique et récitant, dans la Grèce primitive. Homère a été le plus grand et le dernier des aèdes. ● aède nom masculin (grec aoidos, chanteur) Dans la Grèce primitive, poète qui chantait ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rhapsode — In classical Greece, in the fifth and fourth centuries BC and perhaps earlier, a rhapsode (ῥαψῳδός) was a professional performer of poetry, especially of epic poetry (notably the epics attributed to Homer) but also the wisdom and catalogue poetry …   Wikipedia

  • аэды — (от греч. aoidós  певец), в начальный период древнегреческой литературы (VIII VII вв. до н. э., так называемая гомеровская эпоха) профессиональные певцы, сочинявшие и исполнявшие эпические песни под аккомпанемент кифары или форминги… …   Энциклопедический словарь

  • АЭДЫ — (греч. aoidos). Певцы и поэты в древнегреческий героический период. Словарь иностранных слов, вошедших в состав русского языка. Чудинов А.Н., 1910. АЭДЫ греч. aoidos. Вдохновенные певцы и поэты в древнегреческий героический период. Объяснение… …   Словарь иностранных слов русского языка

  • homer — homer1 /hoh meuhr/, n. 1. Baseball. See home run. 2. See homing pigeon. v.i. 3. Baseball. to hit a home run: The catcher homered in the ninth with one on to take the game. [1865 70; HOME + ER1] homer2 …   Universalium

  • Homer — /hoh meuhr/, n. 1. 9th century B.C. Greek epic poet: reputed author of the Iliad and Odyssey. 2. Winslow, 1836 1910, U.S. painter and illustrator. 3. a male given name. * * * flourished 9th or 8th century BC, Ionia? Greek poet, one of the… …   Universalium

  • aedo — (Del fr. aede < gr. aoidos.) ► sustantivo masculino POESÍA literario Poeta o recitador de la antigua Grecia. * * * aedo (del gr. «aoidós», cantor) m. Poeta épico de la Grecia antigua. * * * aedo. (Del gr. ἀοιδός, cantor). m. Cantor épico de la …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Epos: Seine Entstehung im antiken Griechenland —   Vom Anfang der griechischen Literatur sind die beiden großen Epen »Ilias« und »Odyssee« vollständig überliefert, die mit dem Namen Homersverbunden wurden. Sie sind mit ihren circa 16 000 beziehungsweise 12 000 Hexametern um 800 v. Chr.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • aed — AÉD, aezi s.m. Poet epic recitator şi cântăreţ în Grecia antică. – Din fr. aède. Trimis de spall, 15.03.2002. Sursa: DEX 98  aéd s. m. (sil. a ed], pl. aézi Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  AÉD s.m. Poet cântăreţ la… …   Dicționar Român

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